Surfactants are the most versatile products of the chemical industry. AmphiphilicmoleculeThey are utilized in every industrial area ranging from household detergents to drilling muds and food items to pharmaceuticals. The term surfactant comes from the word surface active agent. They are amphiphilic molecules and are thus absorbed in the air-water interface. At the interface, they align themselves so that the hydrophobic part is in the air and the hydrophilic part is in water. This will cause a decrease in surface or interfacial tensions.